Bayle, Pierre

   writer, philosopher
   Born a Calvinist at Carla-Bayle and educated at the jesuit College in Toulouse, Pierre Bayle converted to Roman Catholicism in 1669, but a year later again adopted Protestantism. In 1675, he became professor of philosophy at the Protestant Academy of sedan and, in 1681, was appointed independent professor of philosophy and history at the Protestant Academy of Rotterdam. His first popular work was Pensées diverses sur la Comète de 1680 (1682), a rationalistic statement on the widespread fear caused by the appearance at the time of the great comet. In 1693, he was dismissed from his post at Rotterdam because of the suspicion that he had written a tract expressing religious skepticism. He soon compiled his Dictionnaire historique et critique (4 volumes, 1695-97), in which he forcefully advocated freedom of thought and conscience, questioned authority, and adopted a rationalist view of religion. This work in particular would have a great influence on the French Encyclopedists and philosophes of the 18th century and make Bayle a precursor of modern historical criticism. His other writings include Critique de l'histoire du calvinisme du P. Mainbourg (1682); Nouvelles de la république des lettres (a literary publication appearing monthly from 1684 to 1687), and La France toute catholique sous le règne de Louis le Grand (1685), a pamphlet defending civil liberties.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Bayle,Pierre — Bayle (bāl, bĕl), Pierre. 1647 1706. French philosopher and critic. Considered the progenitor of 18th century rationalism, he compiled the famous Dictionnaire historique et critique (1697) and championed the cause of religious tolerance. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bayle, Pierre — born Nov. 18, 1647, Carla le Comte, France died Dec. 28, 1706, Rotterdam, Neth. French philosopher. Educated at a Jesuit school, he converted to Roman Catholicism but later reverted to his original Calvinist faith. His religious views led to his… …   Universalium

  • BAYLE, Pierre — (1647–1706)    Philosopher. Bayle studied theology and philosophy in Toulouse and Geneva and was appointed professor at the Protestantacademy at Sedan in his native country France. After King Louis XIV closed this academy, Bayle, like so many… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Bayle, Pierre — (1647–1706) French philosopher and sceptic. Born of Protestant parents in the south west of France, Bayle was educated at Toulouse, became Catholic, lapsed, fled to Geneva, and then became professor in the Protestant academy at Sedan in northern… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bayle, Pierre — See Renaissance philosophy outside Italy …   History of philosophy

  • Bayle, Pierre — ► (1647 1706) Filósofo francés. Su Diccionario histórico y crítico (1697) criticaba las ideas absurdas de su tiempo en materias científicas y religiosas. * * * (18 nov. 1647, Carla le Comte, Francia–28 dic. 1706, Rotterdam, Países Bajos).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BAYLE, PIERRE —    a native of Languedoc; first Protestant (as the son of a Calvinist minister), then Catholic, then sceptic; Professor of Philosophy at Padua, then at Rotterdam, and finally retired to the Boompjes in the latter city; known chiefly as the author …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BAYLE, Pierre — (1647 1706)    French RATIONALIST philosopher whose work inspired many ENLIGHTENMENT thinkers …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Bayle — Bayle, Pierre …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bayle's — Bayle, Pierre …   Philosophy dictionary

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